Brands Bungle Response To Michael Cohen Scandal

This week two sophisticated corporations faced an unwelcome PR challenge. AT&T and pharma giant Novartis were confronted with awkward and pressing questions about “consulting” payments each made to a company set up by Donald Trump’s personal lawyer Michael Cohen. In each case, the public response left a lot to be desired.

Cohen is under criminal investigation for improper business dealings, and Essential Consultants is the same LLC that disbursed the famous $130,000 payment to adult film star Stormy Daniels in October 2017. On Tuesday Michael Avenatti, the ubiquitous, cable-news-friendly attorney who represents Daniels, released bank records of payments to Cohen’s LLC. Those named were clearly caught flat-footed.

Responding to embarrassing news – in real time

AT&T tried to get away with a terse statement that explained the contract as gaining “insights” into the new administration, stressing that the LLC “did no legal or lobbying work for us, and the contract ended in December 2017.”

That wasn’t enough. Before long the company acknowledged the full amount of the payments — $600,000, not $200,000 as initially reported. Yet the explanation was opaque and not particularly credible. It described the deal as related to its need to understand “a wide range of policy issues,” including “regulatory reform at the FCC, corporate tax reform and antitrust enforcement.”

Cohen is a New York lawyer with a background in real estate, not regulatory reform or tax policy. The skepticism around its explanation must have been obvious to AT&T. Social media was ablaze with speculation that the payments represented a quid pro quo related to its planned multibillion-dollar merger with Time Warner. The company followed up quickly with a more candid admission. It explained that the relationship was “to pay for an understanding of the inner workings of Trump.” The statement added that it had been contacted in late 2017 by Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s office and had “cooperated fully.” Talk about burying the lead.

As with many rushed public responses, AT&T’s handling of the situation was not very skillful. It would have fared better with a single, fuller explanation of the relationship, even if it had come later. While no response can sugar-coat the fact it paid a wholly unqualified “fixer” such large sums, it’s not unusual for corporations to engage people with ties to an incoming administration. They might also have reminded us that Trump’s election was a surprise that caught many companies unprepared, and that they were naturally looking for an entrée.

An “off-day” for rapid response and messaging

Novartis fared worse in its public response to the story. As one broadcaster put it, “Whoever’s been handling their public relations on this matter has been having an off-day.”
No kidding. Its first statement assured us that the $1.2 million Cohen contract was written under the prior Novartis CEO, not the current chief executive. It was defensive and woefully incomplete.

Apparently realizing this, Novartis launched into the same real-time updating mode that AT&T adopted. It released new information describing the Cohen contract as a way to learn how the new administration “approached healthcare policy” and disclosed that it, too, had been questioned by the Special Counsel. Overall, the update raised more questions than it answered.
Novartis asserted that after meeting Cohen, the company realized that he “would be unable to provide the services that Novartis had anticipated.” Yet it didn’t end the contract because, the company claimed, it “could only be terminated for cause.”

Really? Novartis is a $50 billion, publicly traded corporation. Who commits to a seven-figure engagement where no satisfactory work can be delivered, and with no termination option? How is that a good use of corporate funds? And why bring the CEO into it in the first place? At a company their size, the chief executive isn’t likely to approve such agreements. The whole thing smelled like a clumsy attempt to explain away a reactive and embarrassing business investment.  It’s particularly ill-chosen because Novartis isn’t a stranger to reputation problems. Just three years ago it suffered a scandal over kickbacks to specialty pharmacies and ended up settling with the DOJ for $390 million.

Its best update on the Cohen mess may have been the final release of an employee email by CEO Vas Narasimhan. “We made a mistake in entering into this engagement,”admitted Narasimhan. He alludes to his personal distress over the situation and ends by rallying the troops around its “noble purpose” to impact human health. He urges employees to “remain resilient and keep your focus on serving patients.”

The internal communication is a more appropriate use of the C-level voice, and although you can quibble with the personal tone in the note, it is heartfelt. More importantly, it acknowledges the error, explains it briefly, and pledges to do better. And maybe if both AT&T and Novartis had slowed down and followed that playbook at the outset, they’d be better off today. But stay tuned; there may be more to this story yet.

When Brands Try To Be Cool (Part 2)

Brands trying to be cool is an obsession of mine, and I’ve noticed how they seem to come in clusters. The latest rash of high-stakes rebrandings is in cable and Internet services. In February, Comcast renamed its TV, Internet and phone services as Xfinity. The PR picture wasn’t pretty. Bloggers and branding experts pounced on the name as suggestive of porn, and it’s already landed on several worst name-change lists. I don’t have a problem with the X-factor, except that it means zip. Rebrandings need to come with a rationale, and there’s no real story or substance behind this one.

Though AOL’s declaration of independence last year as Aol. received mixed reviews, the company’s communications did a better job of making the conversion meaningful.  The presentation of the new brand against various images, like the green squiggly, was fresh and interesting. I saw the typeface and “full-stop” dot as a metaphor for the break with the past. Never mind that critics immediately dubbed the new look “LOL.”

But, the toughest branding and PR assignment might be the massive campaign announced this week by AT&T. It’s not a name change, but an attempt to reposition it as a “lifestyle brand.” Reports say the AT&T logo will appear without the company name, in what seems to be swoosh-like aspirational thinking, if not outright grandiosity. The new tagline is “Rethink possible.” Hmmm. Could they have taken a bite out of partner Apple’s iconic “Think different” campaign?

Maybe they’re just polishing Steve Jobs’ ego, but I think Apple envy seeds inspiration among most marketers, particularly those who utter the word “lifestyle.” But, in this case, it plays out as a defensive move. AT&T reportedly wants to elevate its image after the uninspired and unpopular Luke Wilson campaign aimed at archrival Verizon. (Disclosure: Verizon Wireless is a client of my agency. So, don’t take my word for it. Read about it from an objective source here.)

Okay, I’m biased, but something tells me I’ve seen this movie. All service companies have their issues, especially in the cutthroat telecom and wireless categories. But, AT&T has more baggage then most. It’s the brand we love to hate, and its record of innovation falls pretty short of Apple’s fertile history. Without a legitimate story to tell, a brand campaign is just that…a campaign. Unless its network capacity issues are fixed and it reinvents itself as a true innovator, even the most brilliant marketing can’t help AT&T think its way out of this one.